Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Bass Clarinet. Alto Sax. Tenor Sax. Baritone Sax. Bassoon. Trumpet. F Horn. Trombone/Baritone. Learn more about Vincent Cichowicz in the Encyclopedia of Trumpet Players.

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Your airstream should resemble one long arch.

Do not stop in cidhowicz middle, and hold the last note long, at least double what is written. This exercise should be practiced single tongued and with a metronome. I am sure it was obvious to Cichowicz that on bad days or even good ones I was inhibiting or restricting my air flow. He taught me that staccato tonguing can be an aural illusion.

What I listen for is: Then, I would slur two notes and tongue two notes, then slur two, tongue six, etc. They are perfect because they teumpet in an easy register and slowly move outward, expanding not only in range but also in length. I found this a great way to make the staccato illusion happen.

Like so many players would clamp down or negatively compress the air not that all compression is bad, I have come to learn. Each exercise begins with a half step.


Each exercise adds one beat of sixteenths to the pattern. I would play scale patterns from the Williams scales book.

A string of sixteenth notes played with crisp articulation will sound like short notes, but the airflow remains constant. These simple exercises are known and used by trumpet players all over the world.

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These are good exercises to do in unison with a teacher, or another player, and work on blending your tones and pitch. A good illustration of this is the rain bird sprinkler at a golf course. The patterns consist of steady running notes. Do not let individual notes get bumps, and above all else, never allow any inflection on individual notes.

Often a player will blow into the middle of a note, and then before changing to another, back off of the air, make the change, and then blow into the next note. By keeping the air flowing in this manner one can tongue faster and trumet it for longer stretches.

I can listen to someone playing these, and really know a lot about where they are in their trumpet development. They may seem easy to play, however, doing them correctly takes lots of practice, but will really develop your sound and singing ability on the trumpet.


First, I would play them articulating every eight notes, then every four notes, then every two. As you begin to get into higher ranges, make sure to blow fast and thick air over the top of the slur.

Use this as an easy reminder to not let valves cicnowicz how we feed air into the trumpet. They were originally a creation of Vincent Cichowicz, one of the great trumpet players and teachers of the last century.

The water flows constantly as the arm bounces off the water stream.

Cichowicz Flow Studies

Fichowicz Trumpet Performance, Teaching. Before playing each measure as written, I would play the rhythmic pattern on one repeated note See example. It was how he related to air flow to articulation that helped me the most in my career. Sometimes I just tell students to hold the last note until they run out of air. Also, a much more in depth explanation from a friend and past teacher, Mark Dulin: