The late Eugene Odum was a pioneer in systems ecology and is credited with bringing ecosystems into the mainstream public consciousness as well as into. Ecologia; Summary . Smith and Smith – Elementi di Ecologia – Pearson Editore. Ricklefs Odum E. P., Barrett , Fondamenti di Ecologia, Piccin, Padova. References Cain, Bowman e Hacker – Ecologia – Ed. Piccin Smith e Smith – Elementi di Ecologia – Pearson Odum e Barrett – Fondamenti di Ecologia.

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Fornire le conoscenze di base sulle componenti biotiche e abiotiche, sul funzionamento e sulla struttura degli ecosistemi. Flussi di energia e ciclo della materia negli ecosistemi. La risposta delle popolazioni alla variazione delle condizioni e delle risorse. Modello esponenziale e modello logistico di crescita di una popolazione. Il concetto di nicchia ecologica.

Dinamica ed evoluzione degli ecosistemi. Ciclo stagionale delle caratteristiche biotiche e abiotiche in un lago. Barriere coralline e kelp. Il rapporto uomo-ambiente e i fattori del deterioramento ambientale. Esempi di problemi ambientali su scala locale e globale ed effetti sugli ecosistemi acquatici e terrestri.

La contaminazione organica delle acque superficiali. Gli Indici Morfoedafici e la stima dei livelli naturali.

Emissioni di gas serra. Riduzione dello schermo di ozono. Bioindicatori e indici biotici.

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Saggi ecotossicologici di campo, indici biologici, biomarkers. Non sono previste prove parziali durante il corso. To provide knowledge on biotic and abiotic components, as well as on structure and functioning of ecosystems.

Energy fluxes and material cycling in the ecosystems. Primary and secondary productivity. Population responses as a function of environmental factors. Exponential and logistic growth of populations.

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Interactions among populations in the biological communities. The concept of ecological niche. Human activities and environmental damage. Organic pollution of surface water. Eutrophication of lakes and marine coastal water.

Changes of river hydrology. Effects of toxic chemicals on ecosystems. Ecological fonsamenti of soil and air pollution. Ecological parameters and quality indices.

Chemical and biological monitoring. The multidisciplinary nature ecooogia Ecology and the study of the relationships between organisms and environment. The organisms and the environment: Ecosystem ecology ecosystem energetics, decomposition and biogeochemical cycles.

The role of biodiversity in ecosystems. Factors of changes in biodiversity. The seasonal cycle in lakes. Marine ecosystems, biotic and abiotic conditions. Coral reef and Kelp prairies. Ecological effects of urban and industrial settlements, agriculture, animal farms, energy production. Examples of environmental problems at the local and global scale and effects on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Eutrophication of lakes and marine coastal waters.

The mass balance model for eutrophication management. The control of eutrophicatin.

Measure and estimation of nutrient loads. Effects of greenhouse gases, acid rain, ozone layer reduction. Chemical and biological monitoring for environmental quality assessment.

Oral examination at the end of the course. No partial tests during the course period are planned.

The evaluation criteria during the exam ecollogia consist in the verification of the acquisition of competences by the student of the topics treated by the teacher during the lectures related to the program of general ecology and applied ecology.

The questions will aim to ascertain the acquisition of basic notions and to evaluate the understanding of the ecological concepts, the ability to link the fodamenti topics covered. Skip to main id. Obiettivi Fornire le conoscenze di base sulle componenti biotiche e abiotiche, sul funzionamento e sulla struttura degli ecosistemi.

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Contenuti sintetici Ecologia generale: Alterazione delle caratteristiche idrologiche dei corpi idrici. Effetti delle sostanze tossiche sugli ecosistemi. Metodi chimici e biologici per il monitoraggio ambientale. Regolazione intraspecifica delle popolazioni.

Interazioni tra specie, dinamica delle popolazioni e selezione naturale. Competizione interspecifica, predazione, parassitismo e mutualismo.

Ecologia degli ecosistemi energia, decomposizione e cicli biogeochimici. Il concetto di carico e di carico ammissibile.

Gli interventi di controllo sul bacino e nel corpo idrico. Gli effetti della contaminazione da prodotti petroliferi. Prerequisiti Competenze di Matematica, Chimica e Biologia.

FONDAMENTI DI ECOLOGIA

Periodo di erogazione dell’insegnamento annuale. Orario di ricevimento su appuntamento inviando una mail ad antonio. Aims To provide knowledge on biotic and abiotic components, as well as on structure and functioning of ecosystems.

To provide knowledge on major consequences produced by human activities on ecosystems. Detailed program General ecology: Metapopulation Species interactions, population dynamics and natural selection.

Interspecific competition, parasitism and mutualism. Human activities and environmental damages. The concept of admissible load. Hydromorphological changes of rivers. Effects of oil pollution. Effects of soil pollution. Global pollution from persistent organic pollutants. Environmental quality criteria in international regulations. Sustainability and Ecological footprint. Teaching form – Lessons. Assessment method Oral examination at the end of the course.

Office hours by arrangement writing an email to antonio. Students’ evaluation View previous A. Enrolment methods Manual enrolments Self enrolment Student.